Goa Freedom Struggle Early Days

With the turn of the twentieth century while India’s struggle for freedom seemed to be taking concrete shape, that of Goa was still in it’s infancy. In 1928, Dr. T.B. Cunha founded the Goa congress committee at Margao. It was Goa's first nationalist organization. It earned the recognition of Indian national congress at its Calcutta convention. In this manner Goa struggled for freedom was linked with that of India. Unfortunately in 1934, the Indian national congress took a decision to de recognize its branch offices, functioning on foreign soil. Though this was a setback, Goans did not lose heart. Some members of the Goa congress committee opened a branch office at Bombay.

One saw the rise of Gomantak Tarun Sangh in Margao under the leadership of Shyamrao madkaikar. It organized the swyam sevak dal, ran a library, and published a Marathi periodical “Uttejan. P.P. Shirodkar and Suryakant Naik headed a group that fearlessly celebrated Independence day annually on 26th January. In 1945 Purshottam Kakodkar founded an organisation called Goa Seva Sangh. It promoted chakra spinning and indulged in political activities. Observation of national days, flag hoisting, etc were conducted secretly. To launch a campaign against Portuguese regression, an organization called Goan Youth League was founded after world war II. This organization organized meetings and marches in Bombay presidency. Goa’s freedom movement also felt the impact of the quit India movement of 1942. Bombay based Peter Alwares participated in it.